Social monitoring focuses on the impact of Frankfurt Airport on the social and economic structure of the surrounding communities.
If there are changes in this area they must be identified as early as possible in order that the necessary action can be taken in good time, whether this is to counteract negative effects or to promote positive developments.
Within the framework of the RDF a study design was developed in 2008 for social monitoring and tested in a pilot phase in the communities of Darmstadt, Flörsheim, Kelsterbach, Mainz, Offenbach and Raunheim.
This monitoring is founded on two pillars. On the one hand, there was the compilation, analysis and evaluation of a catalogue of so-called context indicators. These indicators included the basic demographic data (age, gender, nationality etc.), economic structure data (employment, unemployment etc.) and social indicators (rent costs, education, social welfare etc.). In future the planning restrictions in regional or municipal development which arise for the communities concerned from the establishment of noise protection zones must also be included. On the other hand, households which had moved into or away from the area were asked about the motives for their move to find out what role the airport played as a reason for moving.
The results of the pilot study are very promising. It is planned to continue the social monitoring in the UNH and thus observe the development of the neighbouring communities in the long term.